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Orientation by the stars

Downhill skiing during extreme survival in the wild - are extremely important. Must use all possible ways and signs to navigate in unfamiliar terrain and choose the right path to salvation.

In many areas of extreme travel at night is extremely dangerous. This has to be resorted to only when it is impossible to go during the day because of heat or other reasons. But the clear, starry night - the perfect time to navigate by the stars and to chart the route the next day. Of course, orienteering at night is quite limited, since it is not always clear sky and the stars are clearly visible, as the day they simply do not. But when there is an opportunity to enjoy the stars.

Of course, the main nightlife landmark in the northern hemisphere - the North Star, pointing to the north. On a clear starry sky is easy to find the constellations: large and small bears. Of course, our ancestors had a very rich imagination. Bear these constellations do not look like a drop. It is rather two "bucket". Extreme star in the handle of the ladle Ursa Minor - this is the North Star. If directly Ursa Minor poorly visible, but much better (so often the case), we take the distance formed by the two extreme stars bucket Big Dipper and lay off on the same line five times - and there will be Polaris.

Why are we so fixated on finding exactly the North Star? The reason is simple: the celestial sphere is not static, constellations and the stars are constantly moving and at different times of the year to orient them to be extremely difficult. Only the North Star is almost immobile, always located in the polar sector of the sky and points due north. It was in that particular its value for those who want to navigate in unfamiliar terrain.

Thus, we found Polaris and now know where the north. How do you determine the rest of the world? Well, it is generally easy. We are becoming the face to the north - behind us is the south, on the right hand the east, to the left - West (Photo).

the North StarSouthern Cross

In the southern hemisphere, the basic guideline is the constellation Southern Cross (photo). Care must be exercised, as the sky in the Southern Hemisphere and there is a so-called False Cross, but the real Southern Cross is much brighter than the false and its stars are closer to each other, more compact. Orientation for the Southern Cross zamorochennoe more than the North Star. To determine the direction of the south (southern celestial pole), use the star pointers to the left of the cross. Between them spend a speculative line B-B and construct a perpendicular. The intersection of the perpendicular to the axis of the Southern Cross, and give direction to the south.

You can also successfully navigate on the moon, when she clearly visible (especially at the full moon). By and large, the Moon is moving as well as the Daylight - Sun. And guided by her as well. On the orientation of the Sun will be discussed in a separate article.

At night, being in its makeshift camp, you are guided by the stars, choose the direction of the next day. To avoid losing the selected direction in the morning is to lay on the ground the arrow-pointer from the stones or twigs. And when the time comes to leave the camp and put forward - keep the chosen direction at night. Here's a little secret.



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