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Shelter from snow and ice

In the subpolar regions of the earth raging hard frosts throughout the year. At night, sometimes cold so strong that even a man dressed accordingly seizes frostbite within minutes. In addition, in the Arctic and Antarctic constantly blow the so-called catabatic winds, which only exacerbate the situation. To expect to survive in harsh Arctic conditions, you should wait out the cold peaks in shelters, to kindle in them the fire, if there is firewood.

Naturally, the construction material in polar latitudes, only one - the snow and ice. On wood and other materials are unlikely to have to say, except that at your disposal will be nipped in the ice of the ship.

The fastest you can do in the ice cave or a trench (photo). This kind of shelter is not very thorough, but for a temporary camp fit. At the bottom of these shelters can start a fire, leaving a small opening at the top, like a chimney.

Snow cover

If there is a need for more long-term parking, it is better to build a traditional dwelling peoples of the north - the igloo (picture). This dome-shaped house made of compressed snow and ice. In the roof, often leave a hole in the middle - the chimney. This allows you to warm the ice cover of nutria campfire, cook a hot meal on it, so important in the Arctic. The design of the igloo is composed of blocks that are cut from compacted snow with a knife or hacksaw blade. Go to the top, the igloo reduce the dome, forming the roof. Going to polar latitudes, should be trained in advance to build such housing, as this occupation is not an easy and fast.

Igloo buildingigloo

Various tents and canopies are not as suitable for near-polar latitudes, in any case, no heaters. Once in an extreme situation, one hardly has a tent and heating means, so you should rely only on the cover of snow and ice.

Snow

 

 

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